The first KVK was established in 1974 at Puducherry. The number of KVKs has risen to 645 and 106 more KVKs are to be established in the newly created districts and some larger districts. The KVK scheme is 100% financed by Govt. of India and the KVKs are sanctioned to Agricultural Universities, ICAR institutes, related Government Departments and Non Government Organizations (NGOs) working in Agriculture. KVK, is an integral part of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS), aims at assessment of location specific technology modules in agriculture and allied enterprises, through technology assessment, refinement and demonstrations. KVKs have been functioning as Knowledge and Resource Centre of agricultural technology supporting initiatives of public, private and voluntary sector for improving the agricultural economy of the district and are linking the NARS with extension system and farmers.
KVK System: Mandate and Activities
The mandate of KVK is Technology Assessment and Demonstration for its Application and Capacity Development. To implement the mandate effectively, the following activities are envisaged for each KVK
- On-farm testing to assess the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems.
- Frontline demonstrations to establish production potential of technologies on the farmers’ fields.
- Capacity development of farmers and extension personnel to update their knowledge and skills on modern agricultural technologies.
- To work as Knowledge and Resource Centre of agricultural technologies for supporting initiatives of public, private and voluntary sector in improving the agricultural economy of the distric.
- Provide farm advisories using ICT and other media means on varied subjects of interest to farmers In addition, KVKs produce quality technological products (seed, planting material, bio-agents, livestock) and make it available to farmers, organize frontline extension activities, identify and document selected farm innovations and converge with ongoing schemes and programs within the mandate of KVK.
Details of Agro-Climatic zones:
- AES-1: Light to medium soil without assured rainfall, poor in soil fertility, major crops are jawar, bajara, pulses cotton and milk production as major subsidiary occupation.
- AES-2: Medium to deep black soil with assured rainfall, soils rich in P and K contain, major crops are Cotton , Banana, maize and Soybean
- Administrative Building
- Farmers Hostel
- Demonstration farm
- Mobile Soil Testing Van.
Technologies for On Farm testing:
- Economical Assessment of alternative cropping sequence to Bt.cotton
- Assessment of insitu moisture conservation practices in Soybean
- The effect of 30 U polythene mulch on yield of Cucumber on drip irrigation in Kharif on medium soils Jalgaon
- The effect of 30 U polythene mulch on yield of Tomato on drip irrigation in Kharif on medium soils Jalgaon
- Assessment of direct seed planters for onion
- Introduction of manually operated dibbler for cotton.
Technologies for Front Line Demonstration:
- Improved chickpea variety Digvijay Integrated nutrient management in Maize
- Improve the quality & yield of Onion bulbs by using INM practices
- Improve the quality & yield of Okra by using ICM practices
- Improved fodder Crop - Phule Jayawant (RBN - 13)
- Use of Oat as a fodder crop for Rabi season
- Use of pro-biotic feeding in local goat 8. Use of mineral mixture in regular feed of milch cow
- Inrichment of Wheat straw 10.Manually operated Groundnut Decorticator.